Who is this enigmatic artist named Banksy? You would think this would be an easy question to answer since his work is well-known and plastered all over walls, the internet, and in documentaries. If the news media could pinpoint who he was, then there would be no reason for me to undertake an investigation of his work to create an understanding of the artist. What we do know is very minimal. Banksy is a pseudonym whose hometown is considered to be Bristol, UK. He uses art to convey mixed messages of satire in regards to culture, government, and ethics to provoke thought amongst civilians. Instead of being labeled as vandalism, his stencil graffiti transpired as art and has converged into mainstream, often being used as a tool to sell products – clothes, advertisement, and posters. Amongst his well-known pieces, there are reoccurring themes that Banksy uses to convey his messages: the balloon and the rat. By dissecting his emerging themes through use of analysis - semiotics, discourse I & II, and audience studies – the reader will have a better gauge of the artist behind the art.