some properties of Play?
apparent purposelessness (done for its own sake)
freedom from time
diminished consciousness of self
(Play by Stuart Brown)
some characteristics of a good learner?
curious, enjoys exploring and investigating
skeptical and willing to ask why
willing to take risks and make mistakes
open-minded about different perspectives
imaginative and creative, yet still disciplined and
rigorous in their thinking
sociable; able to give and take suggestions, advice
reflective and able to do metacognition
(What’s the Point of School? by Guy Claxton)
Which are your play personalities? How might you use your play personalities to learn better?
you like entertaining others with magic tricks, weird trivia, practical jokes, absurd situations, etc.
you like to move, whether by dancing, skateboarding, yoga, running etc. You may tend to concentrate better on tasks when you are moving.
you like exploring the world around you, whether you like to explore new places, new sensations, or new subjects.
you like to compete and win, whether playing a video game, beating your best time in running, or playing football.
you like to plan and execute events, like school plays, social outings, birthday parties, etc.
you like to collect things of a certain pattern, whether they are coins, photos of the food you've eaten at nice restaurants, surfing at all best sites, etc.
The Artist / Creator
you like to make things. This may involve painting, building computers, fixing broken appliances, cooking, decorating, etc.
you like to be transported or transport others into an alternate reality. You like to read books, watch movies, act, direct films, write short stories, tell elaborate stories to friends, etc.
Some Play research:
Students pay more attention to academics after they’ve had recess--an unstructured break in which kids are free to play without direction from adults (Pellegrini, Holmes 2006).
A convergent problem has a single correct solution; a divergent problem can have multiple solutions. Kids given divergent play materials performed better on divergent problems. They also showed more creativity in their attempts to solve the problems (Pepler, Ross 1981).
Play is important for building social competence and confidence in dealing with peers (Howes, 1998; Raver; Howes & Matheson, 1992; Singer & Singer, 2005)
Extrinsic rewards often reduce intrinsic motivation to learn (Deci, 1971)
Stages of Play:
(Play by Stuart Brown. Scott Eberle is the Director of Play Studies at the Strong National Museum of Play)